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Online Privacy & Security 101: How To Actually Protect Yourself?

Dive into our essential guide on online privacy and security. Learn practical steps to safeguard your digital identity and protect your data from cyber threats. This guide is a must-read for anyone looking to enhance their internet safety.

By Michael-Ibekie-headshot

Understanding the basics of cyber security, or as we like to call it, Security 101, is crucial for anyone looking to protect themselves online and ensure their online privacy remains intact. With cyber threats evolving daily, it's essential to arm yourself with the knowledge to stay safe online. 

By adhering to security best practices, you can defend against identity theft, prevent unauthorized access to your credit card information, and mitigate the risks associated with unsecured Wi-Fi and various vulnerabilities. 

A Guide to Online Privacy & Security

Online Privacy & Security 101 Guide

Protect Your Data

Strong, Unique Passwords & 2FA

Strong Passwords: Create passwords that are a mix of letters, numbers, and symbols. Make sure each of your accounts has a different password.

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Password Managers: (e.g., Bitwarden) create and store strong passwords for you. It easily secures all your passwords, passkeys, and sensitive information.


Two-Factor Authentication (2FA): Adds an extra layer of security. Even if someone knows your password, they can't access your account without a second code, often sent to your phone. Applications like Google Authenticator and Authy generate the second code needed for extra security.


Update Your Operating System and Apps Regularly

Keep your software updated to protect against the latest security threats. These updates fix vulnerabilities that hackers could exploit.

Automatic Updates: Enable them to ensure your systems and apps are always up-to-date.

Manually Check for Updates: Periodically check for updates to make sure you haven't missed any.

Avoid Outdated Software: Don't use software that's no longer supported, as it won't receive updates and can be a security risk.

VPN: An Extra Layer of Protection

A VPN (Virtual Private Network) encrypts your internet connection, hiding your online activities and protecting your personal information from hackers, especially on public Wi-Fi.

  • Privacy: Keeps your browsing private from ISPs and potential eavesdroppers.
  • Security: Protects data like passwords and credit card numbers, especially on unsecured networks.
  • Recommended VPNs: NordVPN known for strong encryption and privacy features; ExpressVPN offers fast speeds and robust security measures; ProtonVPN focuses on privacy with secure core servers and built-in Tor support.
  • Always turn on your VPN when you're online, especially when using public Wi-Fi, for an added layer of security and privacy.

Browse Safely

Secure Browsing with HTTPS

HTTPS (HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure) HTTPS ensures that the data transferred between your browser and the website is encrypted, providing a secure channel that protects your information from eavesdroppers and hackers.

Data Encryption: Encrypts the data exchanged, protecting sensitive information like passwords and credit card numbers.

Authentication: Confirms that you are communicating with the legitimate website and not a malicious impersonation.

Data Integrity: Ensures that the data sent and received has not been tampered with or corrupted during transmission.

Tools to Promote HTTPS Usage

HTTPS Everywhere: A browser extension developed by the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) that forces an HTTPS connection on websites that support it, even if you initially typed in or clicked on an HTTP link.

Qualys SSL Labs' SSL Test: A tool to check the SSL/TLS security of a web server, giving you insight into the security level of the sites you use.

Built-in Browser Security Features: Modern browsers often include features that warn users when they attempt to visit a non-HTTPS site or when there's a problem with a site's HTTPS configuration.

Look for the Padlock: Ensure there's a padlock symbol in your browser's address bar, signifying an HTTPS connection.

Be Wary of Warnings: If your browser warns you that a site's security certificate is not trusted, proceed with caution or avoid the site.

Update Your Browser: Keep your web browser up-to-date to benefit from the latest security enhancements and encryption protocols.


Privacy Online with Privacy-Focused Browsers

Using a privacy-focused browser is crucial for those who want to reduce their online footprint and protect their personal information from being tracked and collected.

Privacy-Focused Browsers

Mozilla Firefox: Known for its strong privacy controls, Firefox allows users to block known trackers and cookies from third-party sites, making it harder for companies to collect your data.

Brave: It goes further by blocking ads and website trackers by default, speeding up loading times and enhancing privacy. It also offers a unique feature that lets users earn cryptocurrency by opting in to view privacy-respecting ads.

Tor Browser: For those seeking the highest level of privacy, Tor Browser routes your traffic through multiple servers around the world, making it extremely difficult to trace your online activity back to you. It's particularly effective for accessing the web anonymously and bypassing censorship.


Adjust Privacy Settings: Explore the privacy settings in your browser of choice. Most offer the ability to fine-tune what information is blocked.

Consider Using Multiple Browsers: Use one browser for activities requiring more privacy and another for everyday tasks.

Regularly Clear Cookies and History: This prevents buildup of data that could be used to track your browsing habits over time.

Ad Blockers and Permissions

Privacy Protection: Many ads track your browsing activity across sites to create a profile of your interests. Ad blockers can prevent this tracking.

Security Enhancement: Malvertising (malicious advertising) uses ads to spread malware. Blocking ads reduces the risk of accidental malware infection.

Improved Browsing Speed: Ads consume bandwidth. Blocking them can speed up page loading times, especially on slower connections.

Ad Blockers Tools

uBlock Origin: A lightweight ad blocker that effectively blocks ads, trackers, and malicious sites while being easy on system resources.

Adblock Plus: One of the most popular ad blockers, offering customizable filtering for users who may want to allow certain non-intrusive ads.

Brave: This browser comes with built-in ad-blocking capabilities, providing an out-of-the-box solution for users seeking both privacy and performance.

Managing Permissions

Modern browsers allow users to manage permissions for each website, controlling access to location data, cameras, microphones, and notifications. Properly managing these permissions is crucial for preventing unauthorized access to your personal information.

Review Site Permissions: Regularly check and adjust the permissions you've granted to websites in your browser settings.

Use Browser Privacy Features: Utilize your browser’s privacy settings to control cookies, JavaScript, and access to personal data.

Be Selective with Extensions: Choose browser extensions carefully, as they can also request permissions that might impact your privacy and security.

Communicate Securely

Below are expanded insights on how to secure your messaging and email communications, including examples of tools that can enhance security.

Private Messaging Apps

Encryption: Opt for messaging apps that offer end-to-end encryption, meaning only you and the recipient can read the messages. This type of encryption prevents hackers, governments, and even the service providers themselves from accessing your conversations.

Signal: Known for its strong encryption protocols, Signal is widely recommended by privacy advocates. It offers features like self-destructing messages and screen security to prevent screenshots.

Telegram: Offers end-to-end encrypted chats with its "Secret Chats" feature. Telegram also provides user-friendly access across multiple devices.

WhatsApp: Utilizes end-to-end encryption for messages and calls. However, users should be aware of its association with Facebook and potential data-sharing policies.


Email Security: Be vigilant about phishing attempts. These are fraudulent emails disguised as legitimate requests for information or action, aiming to steal personal and financial data.

ProtonMail: Offers end-to-end encryption and is based in Switzerland, benefiting from the country's strong privacy laws. ProtonMail does not log user activity or share data with third parties.


Manage Your Digital Footprint

Managing your digital footprint is crucial for maintaining privacy and security online. This involves being proactive about the information you share and how it's shared. 

Below, we expand on ways to manage your digital presence more effectively, with examples of tools that can help.

Privacy Settings on Social Media

Regular Reviews: Make it a habit to regularly review and adjust your social media privacy settings. Platforms often update their policies and settings, which can affect who sees your information.

Customize Audience: Most social media platforms allow you to customize who can see your posts, profile information, and photos. Use these settings to limit your audience to people you trust.

Built-in Features: Platforms like Facebook and Instagram have built-in tools to review who can see your posts and personal information. Utilize these features directly from the privacy settings section of your account.

Mindful Sharing

Think Before Posting: Always consider the potential impact of sharing personal information, photos, or location data. What seems harmless could be used maliciously in the wrong hands.

Secure Online Purchases: Be cautious when making online purchases. Ensure the website is secure and be wary of sharing too much personal information.

DuckDuckGo: A search engine that doesn’t track your searches or personal information, offering a safer browsing experience. It also provides site encryption to make your online activities more secure.


Stay Vigilant

Staying vigilant in the digital world is essential for protecting your privacy and ensuring your data remains secure. 

Below, we delve deeper into strategies for avoiding unsecured Wi-Fi and guarding against phishing and malware, including examples of tools that can enhance your security.

Avoid Unsecured Wi-Fi: Public Wi-Fi networks can be hotspots for cybercriminal activities, including data interception and man-in-the-middle attacks.

Phishing and Malware Vigilance: Be cautious of emails, messages, and websites that ask for personal information or seem suspicious. Phishing attempts often mimic legitimate sources but contain slight discrepancies in URLs or email addresses.

Protective Measures: Use anti-virus and anti-malware software to scan for threats regularly. Enable email filters to help detect phishing attempts and keep your software and operating system up to date to protect against vulnerabilities.

Malwarebytes: Offers comprehensive protection against malware, ransomware, and other online threats. It’s effective for both personal and professional use.

Bitdefender: Provides a suite of internet security products, including anti-virus, anti-phishing, and anti-malware tools.


Extra Steps for Enhanced Privacy

Using Tor for Sensitive Online Activity

Anonymity and Privacy: Tor, short for The Onion Router, is a network that enables anonymous communication by routing your internet traffic through multiple servers, obscuring your location and usage from surveillance or traffic analysis

App Permissions on Mobile Devices

Permission Management: Regularly auditing the permissions you've granted to apps can prevent unnecessary data access. 

Built-in Permission Managers: Both Android and iOS offer built-in tools to review and manage app permissions. Go to your device’s settings to adjust permissions individually.

Bouncer: An app for Android that allows you to grant permissions temporarily. Bouncer automatically removes the permission once you exit the app or after a set time.


Regular Data Cleanup

Protecting Your Footprint: Regularly deleting unnecessary files and clearing your browsing history, cookies, and cache can prevent trackers from collecting data about your online behavior.

CCleaner: A tool that can clean up unnecessary files, clear internet history, and fix system registry errors on your computer. 

BleachBit: Open-source software available for both Windows and Linux that cleans your system and manages cookies, cache, internet history, and temporary files, making data recovery more difficult.



In this guide to cyber security and online privacy, we've explored critical measures and tools to safeguard your personal data and digital footprint. By delving into the foundations of Cyber Security 101, we've highlighted the importance of security features, managing data collection, and protecting your digital presence from unauthorized access. 

Moreover, understanding the risk of cyber attackers and their tactics, including social engineering and financial fraud, is crucial for anyone navigating the digital world, underscoring the need for vigilant management of your online interactions and footprint.

As the digital landscape continues to evolve, so too does the importance of staying informed and proactive in protecting your online security and privacy. Whether it's securing your online purchases, safeguarding your social media accounts, or simply enhancing your overall digital privacy, it’s vital to remain vigilant and continuously update your practices and tools. 

For those seeking to fortify their online safety further or in need of guidance navigating these complexities, MyDataRemoval is here to help. Reach out to us at (855) 700-2914 or via email at hello@mydataremoval.com for expert advice and solutions. Remember, in the quest for digital privacy and security, taking action today can ensure a more secure tomorrow.